Cardiology: An introduction to cardiac assessment

CPD hours:

A thorough cardiovascular examination requires background knowledge of the cardiovascular system, a detailed health history and an objective assessment of the neck vessels and precordium (the anterior surface of the body over the heart and lower thorax).

As with any body system examination, cardiovascular function is assessed by inspection, palpation, and auscultation. Cardiac auscultation is a complex examination tool that can be very challenging for new nursing and midwifery personnel. Distinguishing between normal and abnormal heart sounds requires detailed knowledge and experience.

This cardiac nursing module will highlight the subjective data required to begin a cardiovascular assessment and detail the objective examination of the heart and blood vessels.

Auscultation should only be performed after adequate training and supervised practice.

This module assumes a thorough knowledge of the anatomy and physiology of the heart, and an understanding of the cardiac conduction system.

The rich text element allows you to create and format headings, paragraphs, blockquotes, images, and video all in one place instead of having to add and format them individually. Just double-click and easily create content.

Static and dynamic content editing

A rich text element can be used with static or dynamic content. For static content, just drop it into any page and begin editing. For dynamic content, add a rich text field to any collection and then connect a rich text element to that field in the settings panel. Voila!

How to customize formatting for each rich text

Headings, paragraphs, blockquotes, figures, images, and figure captions can all be styled after a class is added to the rich text element using the "When inside of" nested selector system.

At the end of this module participants will be able to:

  • Understand the components of a detailed cardiovascular assessment.
  • Identify developmental concerns that impact cardiovascular function and assessment.
  • Be aware of the subjective information required to accurately assess cardiovascular risk factors.
  • Understand how to perform an objective cardiovascular assessment including inspection, palpation and auscultation of the anterior chest and major vessels.
  • Identify normal heart sounds S1 and S2.
  • Understand abnormal heart sounds, including murmurs and their pathological causes.
  • Complete an assessment with accurate documentation.

At the end of this module participants will be able to:

  • This is learning objective 1.
  • This is learning objective 2.
  • This is learning objective 3.
  • This is learning objective 4.
  • This is learning objective 5.
  • This is learning objective 6.

Other modules to explore

See all modules

Any screen anytime

Fully responsive and optimised for use no matter what the screen size.

User dashboard

Ready access to all of the important functionalities of the LMS at your fingertips.


All plans, documents and achievements in one single, secure, portal.

Single sign-on

Single sign-on through your website 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.