Pressure injuries part 1: Pressure injury risk assessment and prevention

CPD hours:
4

Pressure injury is a global health issue, with its prevalence in healthcare settings ranging from 0% to 72.5%, depending on geographical location and the type of clinical setting.

Prevalence and incident rates are generally higher in those special patient populations who are at elevated risk, which include patients in critical care, those undergoing palliative care, individuals with spinal cord injuries, older people, and neonates and children.

Pressure injuries can have a major impact on the individual from complications which may include pain, infection, decreased function, increased costs from hospitalisations, social isolation, and depression; potentially resulting in compromised quality of life and in death.

In addition, considerable financial burden is imposed on health care systems.

Despite opinions that there has been a global decline in pressure injury prevalence in general acute care over the last two decades, some studies have found an increase in hospital stays of approximately 4.3 days for patients with pressure injuries.

A data analysis of admitted patients over the 2018-2019 period, conducted by the Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in Health Care, identified that almost 2,700 public hospital separations involved hospital-acquired pressure injuries.
This represented an approximate cost on average of $56,000 per separation for these preventable conditions.

In 2019, the third edition of the Prevention and Treatment of Pressure Injuries: Clinical practice guideline. The International Guideline was released by the European Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel, National Pressure Injury Advisory Panel and Pan Pacific Pressure Injury Alliance.

This resource includes evidence-based recommendations that are intended for use worldwide by nurses, midwives, and all other health professionals, regardless of clinical discipline or clinical setting, for the assessment, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of pressure injuries.

This module is estimated to be 4 hours of continuing professional development. (CPD). Another, shorter module on pressure injury risk assessment, prevention, classification, and management is available for carers and assistants in nursing.

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At the end of this module participants will be able to:

  • Explain the aetiology of pressure injuries
  • Identify the risk factors for pressure injuries
  • Describe how to conduct a comprehensive pressure injury risk assessment
  • Discuss the recommended interventions for pressure injury risk prevention

At the end of this module participants will be able to:

  • This is learning objective 1.
  • This is learning objective 2.
  • This is learning objective 3.
  • This is learning objective 4.
  • This is learning objective 5.
  • This is learning objective 6.

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